Rock Arts in South Africa

A large part of the history and the arts of South Africa is correlated to the rock art that was created nearly 4000 years ago, when the apartheid ended in the 1990s many of these rock art paintings suddenly where being recognized. The Bradshaw foundation is a foundation that helps fund and support the San rock art paintings that are being found. The knowledge and findings of these pieces of art comes from the work of researchers at the University of Witwatersrand, who are dedicated to finding these paintings along with showing the world the amazing beauty in the paintings. They have been able to discover what tribe made these painting and that this tribe called the San Shamans where painting about the spirit world and peoples journeys in it. All of these paintings are located in the Drakensburg Mountains in a location called the game pass shelter, which in 2000 was declared the world heritage site of the year by the UNESCO. All that is known about these paintings is that they are thousands of years old where drawn by the sans people, none of them are titled or have exact dates to them.

pic 1


This painting to me looks like a heard of buffalo, since these paintings are about spiritual journeys I suspect that the buffalo have something to do with food or something along those lines and the journey forward. The red color of the painting makes me wonder if that was one of the only colors they had back when this was made.

pic 2


 This makes me think of that silly video of the song “what does the fox say” kind of silly I know! But to me this looks like a fox who has been humanized but is still faceless, I wonder why they took his face away and choose to make him human. The detail on this photo is really what caught my eye with all the speckles and other dots that add to the photo.

pic 3


This photo to me looks like humans killing an animal for food, the way they contorted the animals neck to run similarly with the rock pattern gives this image a very curved and non aggressive feel. This image is one that I would have expected to see from this past time period, it seems very normal to rock images.


“ROCK ART PAINTINGS OF SOUTH AFRICA.” Bradshaw Foundation. N.p., 2013. Web. 04 Dec. 2014. <>.

“Southern African Rock Art.” Southern African Rock Art. N.p., 2013. Web. 04 Dec. 2014. <>.

Post Modern Art and The Women’s Movement

In the late 1970s there began a big push for women to have the same rights as men, when this happened a lot of artwork started being painted by women. Not only was it being painted by women but they where powerful pieces that made people really look. One female painter who had a big impact on the women movement was Judy Chicago, she created a whole feminist art movement at Cal State Fresno. She was not only an artist but a writer and a great speaker for women rights. She is still living and making art along with pushing feminism along and helping make women rights greater. This first piece by her is called The Dinner Party which was made from 1974-79 and is housed in the Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art in Brooklyn. It is a Long- Term installation piece and is 576 inches by 576 inches. It has thirty nine different place setting which denotes thirty nine different woman from history. The second piece is called Female Rejection Drawing #3 it was made in 1974 and is 30 X 40 inches big and is a statement piece to help gain respect from men and to share the feelings of self rejection that women where feeling at that time. The last piece By Judy is called Georgia O’Keeffe Plate #1 it is ceramic and is 14 7/8in by 14 5/8in by 4 3/4 inch and was made in 1979. This piece was made for Georgia spot at the Dinner party table and is made off of her 1926 painting titled Black Iris. Judy was born in Chicago Illinois in 1939 and is still alive today she attended the University of Denver and has been married twice.

CUR.2002.10_Dinner_Party_overall_Donald_Woodman_photo_1_428W(The Dinner Party) 

georgia o keffeEL123.13-Female-Rejection-Drawing-3-from-the-Rejection-Quintet_428H

      (Georgia O’Keeffe Plate #1)                                (Female Rejection Drawing #3)

Barbara Kruger- Was born in the U.S in 1945 she attended Syracuse and transferred to parsons school of design in New York city where she received a bachelors in graphic design which is seen in her works today. She uses old photos and combines them with fiery words to create eye catching pieces like her piece from 1984 called You Are Not Yourself this is a great example of her work in the women movement and the way she showed women power and how to branch out from the norms of society.


(You Are Not Yourself)

Her next piece called Untitled  was made in 1986 and has been used in many different dimensions from being on bus benches to billboards. It talks about violence and the destructive effects it can have on society.



The third piece I found by Barbara is called We Will Not Become What We Mean to You and was made in 1983 with silver print dimensions of 121 x 184 x 5 cm. This painting was made to feature an anonymous women showing that she would not be what society wanted her to be and that she could break from the stereotypes and push forward.


(We Will Not Become What We Mean To You) 

Works Cited 

“About This Artwork.” We Will Not Become What We Mean to You. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2014. <;.

“An Overview of Feminist Artists of the 20th Century.” – The Art History Archive. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2014. <;.

Influence of the Great Depression on Early Modern art

The great depression had a large impact on the art of the early modern era, photography started to become a huge part of the arts in this era and a lot of the photographs dealt with the great depression. During the Great Depression there was a lot of political unrest which increased the amount political concern towards the arts. This brought many new forms of art work to the era, and by the end when the New Deal program was initiated it gave funding and working space to these new cultural forms.

This first Photo is called Migrant Mother and was taken by Dorthea Lange in 1936


This photo was taken by one of the famous photographers of that time Dorthea Lange, it shows a mother with her children, the painting is called migrant mother which makes you believe that this mother had to move around a lot during the depression like a lot of people to try and find food and help. The photo shows how the depression affected early modern art because it was the main focus of many of the images and photography became a huge part of this era.

Next is the painting San Francisco ’34 waterfront strike by:  Refregier, Anton in 1934

46 Dimensions: 28.8 x 55.8 cm

This painting shows the strike that went on at the waterfront in San Francisco, this painting not only shows the great depression but shows us one of the new styles of painting that came from this era. This style of cubism is seen here in the way that the painting doesn’t depict how shapes actually are but shows them in a more boxy version of what they would be.

This Painting by Thomas Hart Benton in 1920 shows another new style of painting.

1934 Thomas Hart Benton (American regionalist artist, 1889–1975) The Ballad of the Jealous Lover of Lone Green Valley

The Ballad of the Jealous Lover of Lone Green Valley 

This shows another form of painting that came from the depression this style is called abstraction when they pull the painting and distort it. This painting shows the way the depression effected many peoples lives in very different ways.

These three paintings show how The Great Depression effected art and the way we look at art now wouldn’t be the same and we wouldn’t have things like photography or abstract art now.


Impressionism art

I really enjoy impressionism art because of the boldness of the colors and how different it is than the paintings before this era. These paintings use newer brush strokes and brighter colors making them stand out way more than the previous paintings. Impressionism art was started in France in the late 1870’s and early 1880’s. This revolutionized the way we look at art and the way it is perceived. They started to paint real people and real landscapes with different compositions from paintings in earlier eras including the classical era. This painting by Monet is a great example of impressionism art, monetSunrise by monet was made in 1873 and is 18.9 x 24.8

This painting is a great example of the use of brush strokes during this era and the fact that they used their brushes with quick and somewhat spontaneous strokes making paintings like this. You can see that it shows a boat on a body of water as the sunrises but its not perfectly clear which makes it that much more interesting. I like the fact that the whole picture is not spelled out for you and that their is a kind of mystery to the photo making it up to you to determine whats really going on behind the whole thing. Comparing this to a painting from the classical era and a photo like,

vermee14_O_500 The Girl With the Pearl Earring by Johannes Vermeer dimensions 44cm x 39cm

This painting is so detailed and is very dark which shows just how different the impressionism era and the classical era were so different. I think this is also a great example of why I enjoy the impressionism era better, the colors and liveliness of the paintings really engage you and make you want to look at more.


Classical art and Scientific discovery in the 1700’s

During the 1700’s science and just a general want to know more became a big wave. This at the time was called enlightenment. With this new wave of thinking and new ideas art started to move along with it. At the same time as the idea and wave of technology, religion was slowly beginning to die down but was still present in a few ways.


A Philosopher giving a lecture at the Orrery.

Joseph Wright Of Derby (1765)

1.47m x 2.03 oil painting

This painting very obviously shows the connection between the art and science. You can see how they are all gathered around learning about the object in the middle of the table. This painting is a prime example of how everyone whether young or old wanted to see the new technology.


Madame Francois Buron

Jacques-Louis David (1769)

Dimmensions: 66 cm x 56 cm oil painting

This painting by David shows us how even people who where rich or higher up in society wanted to be knowledgeable. This photo is a great example of how women where also included in the enlightenment. The way he paints Madame Francois Buron in such a studious way makes you really realize how impact full this period was in changing paintings. For me the fact that she has more then one book makes her seem that much more studious.


Princess De Rohan

Jean-Marc Nattier (1741)

Dimensions: 145 cm x 113cm oil painting,_Princesse_de_Rohan_(1741).jpg

This painting is similar to the one above it in the idea that it shows how royalty took it upon themselves to join the enlightenment. This painting shows Princess De Rohan reading a book. Although she does look quite positioned and told how to look in this painting it still shows how everyone was a part of the sciences coming into play.

Overall all three of these painting show in different ways how they connect with science whether it be directly to science or it be through knowledge in general. Either was the idea of science connecting with the classical era is a big one. The enlightenment was a huge part of moving that era forward and these painting are proof that it effected all aspects of the population.

The Lacemaker

The Lacemaker is a painting by Jan Vermeer during the baroque era. This painting relates to the idea of the rise of the merchant class during this era. Jan Vermeer painting mainly showed the idea of the merchant class, many of his painting all had to do with some merchant class women and what job she did. In this painting he shows a women working on a lace piece, she is the only aspect to this painting really. There really isn’t a whole lot to distract you away from her in the painting which shows how much he really did just want to paint her doing something that most merchant class women of that time did. Jan Vermeer was a dutch artist and at that time many dutch artist including Rembrandt where focusing mainly on the merchant class and profiling them in their paintings. this link talks a lot about the idea that Rembrandt painted a lot of paintings about the rising merchant class. I took what I read at this link and applied it to another dutch artist in Vermeer. The Lacemaker painting made me feel as though even though she may just be a Lacemaker she is worth something and that she should be empowered by the world. I think Vermeer’s paintings are very clever in a sense that he painted people in their normal lives instead of royals proving that anyone could be painted and that it didn’t matter what class you where. Here is the painting The Lacemaker by Jan Vermeer.Lacema

Renaissance Blog

Humanism: “Any attitude that gives priority to human endeavors, their values, capacities, worth, interests, needs, and welfare, rather than to those of the gods, the spirits, the animals, or any other non-human thing. Also, the study of the humanities. The term is frequently qualified, as in “Renaissance humanism,” which is characterized by a love of the achievements of the Greco-Roman world, an optimism that humans are inherently endowed with the skills necessary to reshape the world according to their own needs, and a belief in inherent human dignity. While the Renaissance humanists did not see their enlightened self-interest as a contradiction of their Christianity, a few recent demagogues identify “secular humanism” as a tacitly atheistic preoccupation with human affairs.”  –

The Harvesters By Peter Bruegal the Elder:

The Harvesters 

This picture relates to the humanism movement that occurred during the Northern Renaissance because it depicts the “normal” people of that time. Instead of showing the people of power like gods or the rich. These people are workers of the time which shows how humanism was being implemented at that time. Its also showed in the way the landscape is really the main part to the painting. This painting is one of a series of six, this one is believed to show the months of August and September. The Metropolitan Museum of Art stated that “The vastness of the panorama across the rest of the composition reveals that Bruegel’s emphasis is not on the labors that mark the time of the year, but on the atmosphere and transformation of the landscape itself” (  In other words the idea that the people are working on something bigger and the landscape is what is to be seen through this photo. With this idea in mind you can apply the theory of humanism and show that Peter Bruegel had an impact on the northern renaissance with his painting series of landscapes and the idea that landscapes are more than the people on the landscape.

When I first looked at this photo I saw the people and figured that was how I could relate it to humanism, and the idea that they are not gods or people of power. I then went and looked deeper into this images story and how the photo is far from being about the people in reality the people are an accessory to the landscape and the landscape is the main point and the biggest use of humanism. After looking at the other images that go with this series I found that most of his paintings are don’t in the same fashion, he had a great impact on the idea that pictures aren’t necessarily always about people.

Works Cited:

Delahunt, Micheal. “ArtLex Art Dictionary.” ArtLex Art Dictionary. N.p., May 1996. Web. 25 Sept. 2014. <;.

“Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History.” Pieter Bruegel the Elder: The Harvesters (19.164). Heilbrunn Timeline of the Arts, Nov. 2000. Web. 25 Sept. 2014. <;.

Intro First Blog

My name is Nichole Bathe, I am a sophomore at the University of Alaska Fairbanks. I am originally from Madison Wisconsin and moved up here last year. I am on the UAF cross country running and skiing teams. I graduated from Verona area High school two years ago. I ran cross country for two years there and skied from 7 years. I am dual citizen of the USA and Great Britain, my parents are both British and all my family is British. I am the youngest of two in my family with one older brother. I enjoy being outdoors and love Alaska, I like to rock climb and ice climb along with running mountains. NCAAS alone

This is a picture from NCAAs skiing last year. 


I don’t really have a relationship to art, I like art and think the people who are talented enough to do it are so lucky but i was not given the talent of music or art unfortunately. I enjoy trying to make art and being able to look at others art. I definitely stick to doing kindergarten art with my roommates and am guilty of hanging it all over my apartment. An experience from viewing art I have had is I went and watched a dance routine and was in awe at how some of these people moved so gracefully. Look at this link to check out some sweet dancing!